Since the beginning of time, mankind has depended on athletic prowess. “Survival of the fittest” was especially crucial throughout background and the evolution and humankind. Throughout the prehistoric ages, man used his body as a tool for gathering and hunting and success. Today, although the man is no longer driven to physical extremes in order to sustain life in the primitive sense, the modern man uses fitness to encompass health and well-being. It’s important to comprehend the evolution of health and fitness to mankind throughout the ages to fully comprehend its fundamental necessity in today’s society and the foundation to the present day fitness movement.
From enough time of the primitive man until about 2500 B.C. As time progressed towards the birth of Jesus, fitness was not solely used for sustainability but became necessary to be able to maintain the largest empires in the world, through military power. Some of the biggest historic empires in the global world, including: Persian empire, the Macedonian empire, and the Roman empire was built on an extremely fitness-oriented mentality. Physical fitness was of the main importance to guarantee the power and longevity of their empires. It really is of no real surprise that all of these collapsed because of deterioration of physical fitness with the birth of extravagant lifestyles.
The Greek-Macedonian Empire is still today regarded as one of the fittest empires to time. In Greece, the Spartans were and still are seen as the personification of extreme athleticism. Because of this, the Spartan army was one of the deadliest armies the global world has ever known. By contrast, the Chinese and Indian empires used athleticism not only for military purposes also for health.
Their politics and philosophical market leaders including Confucius were stimulating people to partake in the exercise in order to prevent certain diseases like heart disease and diabetes. They uncovered that through yoga and martial arts, they not only fitter became but also healthier- this was the key breakthrough in the past history of mankind.
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For the very first time, fitness became a known to cure many physical health conditions. Through the Renaissance period, an intellectual development occurred, so did a curriculum of physical fitness and viewpoint. Many intellectual thinkers of the right time, such as John Locke, Martin Luther, and Richard Mulcaster maintained the positive correlation between being fit and intellect. After the Renaissance emerged the National period in Europe, which was proclaimed by the first modern movement of gymnastics.
This came at the same time when nationalism was widespread in Europe, which inspired many gymnastic experts to develop their own programs. Germany: Johann Guts Muths and Friedrich Jahn believed that through gymnastic programs, Germans could be and more resilient against foreign invasion fitter. Sweden: Per Henrik Ling developed gymnastic programs for educational, military, and medical use. Denmark: Frank Nachtegall spread gymnastic programs throughout the school systems. England: Archibald Maclaren spread the advantages of fitness and regular physical exercise to breed a wholesome and stronger youth. America: based its methods on the popular European training varieties have enough time. Benjamin Franklin was a solid proponent of maintain regular physical exercise for health purposes. The industrialization period in the U.S.